Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). Pittsburgh and Connellsville Railroad from 1871. On May 24, 1844, the line was officially opened as Samuel F. B. Morse sent his famous words, "What hath God wrought", from the B&O's Mount Clare station to the Capitol by telegraph. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Network BALTIMORE AND OHIO DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES Here are links to 54 diesel locomotive diagrams copied from the Baltimore and Ohio Diesel Locomotive Diagram Book. ), Pennsylvania Railroad Class GG-1 #4876 (Built by General Electric in 1940). [30] Soon B&O president John Work Garrett received letters from Virginia's Governor John Letcher telling the B&O to pass no federal troops destined for any place in Virginia over the railroad, and threatening to confiscate the lines. Time left 4d 11h left. It is 245 feet in diameter, 135 feet high, and contains 22 bays as well as a turntable.The devastation was so enormous some worried the museum could not overcome the disaster. [12] The B&O would only reach Charleston (at the confluence of the Kanawha and Elk Rivers) and ultimately Huntington (which was named after a major B&O investor) on the Ohio River more than a decade after the American Civil War and the creation of the state of West Virginia. Surface: Sup. The line was almost completely abandoned in 1986 by CSX and is presently used in part as the right-of-way for the Capital Crescent Trail. Although the directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad wanted a monopoly in their state, delays in laying track to Pittsburgh led the Pennsylvania legislature in 1846 to require construction to be completed within 10 years, else competition would be allowed. A highly recommended database! The Pennsylvania Railroad finished its trans-Allegheny track with two years to spare, thus the B&O would only be able to extend its tracks up the Youghiogheny River valley to the soft coal fields in 1871.[15]. Thomas was elected as the first president and Brown the treasurer. Furthermore, western farmers could not get their produce to markets because of the B&O shutdown, only partially alleviated by the summer 1861 Union army victories at the Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) and Rich Mountain, and vigorous army and company work crews which reduced the main line gap to 25 miles between Harpers Ferry and Back Creek.[35]. Baltimore & Ohio 2-2-0, Tom Thumb (Operational. Following its emergence from bankruptcy, control of the B&O was acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1901. On 27 June 1895, at the nearby Howard Street Tunnel, the B&O demonstrated the first electrified main line railroad, and commercial operation began four days later. Other railroads included in the B&O were: The Chicago and Alton Railroad was purchased by the B&O in 1931 and renamed the Alton Railroad. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his. New Listing Vintage HO scale Bachmann Steam Locomotive & tender "BALTIMORE & OHIO" 2-8-2. The B&O was America's first chartered rail common carrier, dating from February 28, 1827. Browse 144 ICC abandonment filings of the B&O. It was built strictly as a demonstrator, but it was succeeded by a series of similar locomotives (the "Grasshoppers" and the "Crabs") designed by Ross Winans, the first head of motive power on the railroad. [38] A rising young PRR Vice President, Leonor F. Loree, was appointed president. This line was partially funded by the state of Maryland, and was operated separately until the 1870s, with Maryland receiving a 25 percent cut of gross passenger receipts. The last of its kind still in existence. 1832 Service begins to Point of Rocks, Md. The line projected west across the Potomac River was intended to cross the Potomac just north of the D.C. line, to continue southwest to a connection with the B&O-controlled Virginia Midland (VM) in Fairfax (now Fairfax Station, to distinguish it from what was Fairfax Court House and is now the City of Fairfax, Virginia), and if possible to a connection with the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad in Quantico. Following bankruptcy, and control by the Pennsylvania Railroad, by the time the line was completed in 1910 there was no longer any point to the river crossing. The museum also has a large amount of preserved equipment housed outdoors, which it is constantly attempting to raise money for both their restoration as well as protection from the elements. [18] The B&O was, however, the first company to operate a locomotive built in America, with the "Tom Thumb" in 1829. x Stroke: Boiler Press. The railroad, formally incorporated April 24, was intended to provide a faster route for Midwestern goods to reach the East Coast than the hugely successful but slow Erie Canal across upstate New York. The B&O had decided against a direct line to Hagerstown, though the city had petitioned the Directors. [22][23] After confirming from the Martinsburg station (via Wheeling, because of the cut telegraph line) that the report was not a hoax, Garrett telegraphed President James Buchanan, the Secretary of War, the Governor of Virginia, and Maryland Militia General George Hume Steuart about the insurrection in progress. [46] This belt line connected the main line to the Philadelphia Branch without the need for a car ferry across the Patapsco River, but the cost of constructing the Howard Street Tunnel drove the B&O to bankruptcy in 1896. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. At the same time the PRR outmaneuvered the B&O and took control of the Long Bridge across the Potomac River into Virginia, the B&O's connection to southern lines. [21] In the first year of his presidency, corporate operating costs were reduced from 65 percent of revenues to 46 percent,[20] and the railroad began distributing profits to its shareholders. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Contents: Passenger Information and Official Guide Excerpts. After several mergers, the B&O became part of the CSX Transportation (CSX) network. However, undaunted, staff planned to rebuild the roof and restore as much historic equipment as possible. Since Jackson cut the B&O main line into Washington for more than six months, the North Central and Pennsylvania Railroads profited from overflow traffic, even as many B&O trains stood idle in Baltimore. What you can find at the museum is not only B&O pieces from its namesake railroad but also many important historical pieces from other railroads around the country, many of which are located in the B&O’s famous Mount Clare shops (which throughout the years would create and build a number of innovative cars and locomotives for the railroad). It includes the oldest operational railroad bridge in the United States. On February 27, 1827, twenty-five merchants and bankers studied the best means of restoring "that portion of the Western trade which has recently been diverted from it by the introduction of steam navigation. Stuart, who had received orders from the Secretary of War to retake Harpers Ferry and capture the insurgent abolitionists, which they quickly did. Baltimore & Ohio timeline: 1827 Charter approved 1828 Official start of construction on July 4 1830 Scheduled service begins, Baltimore-Ellicotts Mills, May 24 1831 Service begins to Frederick, Md. As the B&O built the main line west to Parrs Ridge, it had limited information about the operation of steam locomotives. The B&O Railroad Museum began in 1953, created by its parent, the Baltimore & Ohio to house the railroad's growing collection of historic equipment (a number of which would come from the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse) and archival material over the railroad’s 126 years of existence up to that time. Its durability and ease of assembly aided faster railroad construction. The Adamsburg Branch Adamsburg Junction to Edna, PA PA | B&O The Annapolis and Elkridge Railroad Annapolis Junction to … Yet Ohio was from the beginning the destination the railroad was seeking to link with Baltimore, at the time a railroad center. Sending them via railroad to the Ohio River, and then by riverboat to Louisiana and Mississippi, was much faster and cheaper, and helped the dealers grow their businesses. Albeit the cost of admission had to be raised (mostly to pay for the restoration of damaged equipment), the museum has made a nearly full recovery and has even grown a bit by adding a repair workshop that has been invaluable in restoring damaged pieces. ), Chesapeake & Ohio Class H-8 2-6-6-6 "Allegheny" #1604 (Built in 1941 by the Lima Locomotive Works), Clinchfield Railroad 4-6-0 #1, Nicknamed "One Spot" (Originally built in 1882 by the Columbus, Chicago, & Indiana Central Railway, a later Pennsylvania Railroad subsidiary. Before either connection was made, however, another branch was built around the west side of Washington. [33] On June 20, 1861, Jackson's Confederates seized Martinsburg, a major B&O work center, having had blown up the Harpers Ferry railroad bridge on June 14. An impressive demonstration occurred on May 1, 1844, when news of the Whig Party's nomination of Henry Clay for U.S. president was telegraphed from the party's convention in Baltimore to the Capitol Building in Washington. [14] This Washington Branch line was built in stone, much like the original mainline. Wt. Scrapped in 1835. There it connected with Harper's Ferry (the boat) across the Potomac into Virginia, and also with the navigable Shenandoah River. A horse pulled the first cars 26 miles and back, since the B&O did not decide to use steam power for several years. Constructed between 1866 and 1873, and originally single-tracked. After a flood damaged the C&O Canal in 1877, the B&O acquired a majority interest in the canal mainly to keep its property and right of way from potential use by the Western Maryland Railroad. The B&O wanted links to Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, as well as the parts of western Virginia draining into the Ohio River valley and ultimately the Mississippi River, such as Wheeling (where the National Road crossed the Ohio River) and the Kanawha River valley. The line cut a more or less straight line from Washington to Point of Rocks, Maryland, with many grades and large bridges. About BaltimoreAndOhioRR - This channel is not about me, but what I see! However, its initial problem became Lincoln's first Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, a major stockholder in the rival North Central Railroad, which received long haul freight destined for Baltimore from the rival Pennsylvania Railroad. That would remain the terminus through the American Civil War (apart from conflict-related outages principally between Cumberland and Martinsburg during the war) until a railroad bridge could be constructed across the Ohio River. The B&O's charter also forbad further taxation of the railroad, and that no-tax provision was upheld in the 1840s after Baltimore City tried to tax it. In 1843, Congress appropriated $30,000 for construction of an experimental 38-mile (61 km) telegraph line between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore along the B&O's right-of-way. [1][5] They spent the year 1826 investigating railway enterprises in England, which were at that time being tested in a comprehensive fashion as commercial ventures. Free shipping for many products! [9][10] A compromise eventually allowed the two companies to share the right of way. Throughout the war the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad suffered periods in which it was attacked and its service was stalled. A few trips on the B&O from 1969 and 1970. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. 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