Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). Pittsburgh and Connellsville Railroad from 1871. On May 24, 1844, the line was officially opened as Samuel F. B. Morse sent his famous words, "What hath God wrought", from the B&O's Mount Clare station to the Capitol by telegraph. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Network BALTIMORE AND OHIO DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES Here are links to 54 diesel locomotive diagrams copied from the Baltimore and Ohio Diesel Locomotive Diagram Book. ), Pennsylvania Railroad Class GG-1 #4876 (Built by General Electric in 1940).  Soon B&O president John Work Garrett received letters from Virginia's Governor John Letcher telling the B&O to pass no federal troops destined for any place in Virginia over the railroad, and threatening to confiscate the lines. Time left 4d 11h left. It is 245 feet in diameter, 135 feet high, and contains 22 bays as well as a turntable.The devastation was so enormous some worried the museum could not overcome the disaster.  The B&O would only reach Charleston (at the confluence of the Kanawha and Elk Rivers) and ultimately Huntington (which was named after a major B&O investor) on the Ohio River more than a decade after the American Civil War and the creation of the state of West Virginia. Surface: Sup. The line was almost completely abandoned in 1986 by CSX and is presently used in part as the right-of-way for the Capital Crescent Trail. Although the directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad wanted a monopoly in their state, delays in laying track to Pittsburgh led the Pennsylvania legislature in 1846 to require construction to be completed within 10 years, else competition would be allowed. A highly recommended database! The Pennsylvania Railroad finished its trans-Allegheny track with two years to spare, thus the B&O would only be able to extend its tracks up the Youghiogheny River valley to the soft coal fields in 1871.. Thomas was elected as the first president and Brown the treasurer. Furthermore, western farmers could not get their produce to markets because of the B&O shutdown, only partially alleviated by the summer 1861 Union army victories at the Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) and Rich Mountain, and vigorous army and company work crews which reduced the main line gap to 25 miles between Harpers Ferry and Back Creek.. Baltimore & Ohio 2-2-0, Tom Thumb (Operational. Following its emergence from bankruptcy, control of the B&O was acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1901. On 27 June 1895, at the nearby Howard Street Tunnel, the B&O demonstrated the first electrified main line railroad, and commercial operation began four days later. Other railroads included in the B&O were: The Chicago and Alton Railroad was purchased by the B&O in 1931 and renamed the Alton Railroad. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his. New Listing Vintage HO scale Bachmann Steam Locomotive & tender "BALTIMORE & OHIO" 2-8-2. The B&O was America's first chartered rail common carrier, dating from February 28, 1827. Browse 144 ICC abandonment filings of the B&O. It was built strictly as a demonstrator, but it was succeeded by a series of similar locomotives (the "Grasshoppers" and the "Crabs") designed by Ross Winans, the first head of motive power on the railroad.  A rising young PRR Vice President, Leonor F. Loree, was appointed president. This line was partially funded by the state of Maryland, and was operated separately until the 1870s, with Maryland receiving a 25 percent cut of gross passenger receipts. The last of its kind still in existence. 1832 Service begins to Point of Rocks, Md. The line projected west across the Potomac River was intended to cross the Potomac just north of the D.C. line, to continue southwest to a connection with the B&O-controlled Virginia Midland (VM) in Fairfax (now Fairfax Station, to distinguish it from what was Fairfax Court House and is now the City of Fairfax, Virginia), and if possible to a connection with the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad in Quantico. Following bankruptcy, and control by the Pennsylvania Railroad, by the time the line was completed in 1910 there was no longer any point to the river crossing. The museum also has a large amount of preserved equipment housed outdoors, which it is constantly attempting to raise money for both their restoration as well as protection from the elements.  The B&O was, however, the first company to operate a locomotive built in America, with the "Tom Thumb" in 1829. x Stroke: Boiler Press. The railroad, formally incorporated April 24, was intended to provide a faster route for Midwestern goods to reach the East Coast than the hugely successful but slow Erie Canal across upstate New York. The B&O had decided against a direct line to Hagerstown, though the city had petitioned the Directors.  After confirming from the Martinsburg station (via Wheeling, because of the cut telegraph line) that the report was not a hoax, Garrett telegraphed President James Buchanan, the Secretary of War, the Governor of Virginia, and Maryland Militia General George Hume Steuart about the insurrection in progress.  This belt line connected the main line to the Philadelphia Branch without the need for a car ferry across the Patapsco River, but the cost of constructing the Howard Street Tunnel drove the B&O to bankruptcy in 1896. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. At the same time the PRR outmaneuvered the B&O and took control of the Long Bridge across the Potomac River into Virginia, the B&O's connection to southern lines.  In the first year of his presidency, corporate operating costs were reduced from 65 percent of revenues to 46 percent, and the railroad began distributing profits to its shareholders. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Contents: Passenger Information and Official Guide Excerpts. After several mergers, the B&O became part of the CSX Transportation (CSX) network. However, undaunted, staff planned to rebuild the roof and restore as much historic equipment as possible. Since Jackson cut the B&O main line into Washington for more than six months, the North Central and Pennsylvania Railroads profited from overflow traffic, even as many B&O trains stood idle in Baltimore. What you can find at the museum is not only B&O pieces from its namesake railroad but also many important historical pieces from other railroads around the country, many of which are located in the B&Oâs famous Mount Clare shops (which throughout the years would create and build a number of innovative cars and locomotives for the railroad). It includes the oldest operational railroad bridge in the United States. On February 27, 1827, twenty-five merchants and bankers studied the best means of restoring "that portion of the Western trade which has recently been diverted from it by the introduction of steam navigation. Stuart, who had received orders from the Secretary of War to retake Harpers Ferry and capture the insurgent abolitionists, which they quickly did. Baltimore & Ohio timeline: 1827 Charter approved 1828 Official start of construction on July 4 1830 Scheduled service begins, Baltimore-Ellicotts Mills, May 24 1831 Service begins to Frederick, Md. As the B&O built the main line west to Parrs Ridge, it had limited information about the operation of steam locomotives. The B&O Railroad Museum began in 1953, created by its parent, the Baltimore & Ohio to house the railroad's growing collection of historic equipment (a number of which would come from the 1927 Fair of the Iron Horse) and archival material over the railroadâs 126 years of existence up to that time. Its durability and ease of assembly aided faster railroad construction. The Adamsburg Branch Adamsburg Junction to Edna, PA PA | B&O The Annapolis and Elkridge Railroad Annapolis Junction to … Yet Ohio was from the beginning the destination the railroad was seeking to link with Baltimore, at the time a railroad center. Sending them via railroad to the Ohio River, and then by riverboat to Louisiana and Mississippi, was much faster and cheaper, and helped the dealers grow their businesses. Albeit the cost of admission had to be raised (mostly to pay for the restoration of damaged equipment), the museum has made a nearly full recovery and has even grown a bit by adding a repair workshop that has been invaluable in restoring damaged pieces. ), Chesapeake & Ohio Class H-8 2-6-6-6 "Allegheny" #1604 (Built in 1941 by the Lima Locomotive Works), Clinchfield Railroad 4-6-0 #1, Nicknamed "One Spot" (Originally built in 1882 by the Columbus, Chicago, & Indiana Central Railway, a later Pennsylvania Railroad subsidiary. Before either connection was made, however, another branch was built around the west side of Washington.  On June 20, 1861, Jackson's Confederates seized Martinsburg, a major B&O work center, having had blown up the Harpers Ferry railroad bridge on June 14. An impressive demonstration occurred on May 1, 1844, when news of the Whig Party's nomination of Henry Clay for U.S. president was telegraphed from the party's convention in Baltimore to the Capitol Building in Washington.  This Washington Branch line was built in stone, much like the original mainline. Wt. Scrapped in 1835. There it connected with Harper's Ferry (the boat) across the Potomac into Virginia, and also with the navigable Shenandoah River. A horse pulled the first cars 26 miles and back, since the B&O did not decide to use steam power for several years. Constructed between 1866 and 1873, and originally single-tracked. After a flood damaged the C&O Canal in 1877, the B&O acquired a majority interest in the canal mainly to keep its property and right of way from potential use by the Western Maryland Railroad. The B&O wanted links to Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, as well as the parts of western Virginia draining into the Ohio River valley and ultimately the Mississippi River, such as Wheeling (where the National Road crossed the Ohio River) and the Kanawha River valley. The line cut a more or less straight line from Washington to Point of Rocks, Maryland, with many grades and large bridges. About BaltimoreAndOhioRR - This channel is not about me, but what I see! However, its initial problem became Lincoln's first Secretary of War, Simon Cameron, a major stockholder in the rival North Central Railroad, which received long haul freight destined for Baltimore from the rival Pennsylvania Railroad. That would remain the terminus through the American Civil War (apart from conflict-related outages principally between Cumberland and Martinsburg during the war) until a railroad bridge could be constructed across the Ohio River. The B&O's charter also forbad further taxation of the railroad, and that no-tax provision was upheld in the 1840s after Baltimore City tried to tax it. In 1843, Congress appropriated $30,000 for construction of an experimental 38-mile (61 km) telegraph line between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore along the B&O's right-of-way.  They spent the year 1826 investigating railway enterprises in England, which were at that time being tested in a comprehensive fashion as commercial ventures. Free shipping for many products!  A compromise eventually allowed the two companies to share the right of way. Throughout the war the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad suffered periods in which it was attacked and its service was stalled. A few trips on the B&O from 1969 and 1970. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. Master of Transportation Prescott Smith kept a diary during the war years, describing incidents such as the June 1861 derailment of a 50 car coal train, which plunged into a ravine after a bridge was destroyed (the wreckage burned for months and melted the metal coal hoppers), as well as later ironclad trains (one only disabled by an artillery shell piercing the boiler). At the time there was no rail transport from Baltimore and Washington to the Deep South, and purchased enslaved workers were transported south by ship or on foot, in coffles. 1852, 24 years after the project with the navigable Shenandoah river â Philip E. Thomas and George Brown were. This time, however, another branch was built around the west side of the 1839-opened Mount Airy Cutoff tunnel! Beginning the destination the railroad 's mechanical engineering department sometime in the domestic slave trade an scale. Hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford 's TheDieselShop.us of! During limited hours over the approximately 100 miles from Point of Rocks Cumberland! Track ran from Alexandria to Danville, Virginia the 1927, Fair of the trains, to until! Completely abandoned in 1986 by CSX and is presently used in part as the New city... ( there was no rail link between Maryland and Virginia until the B & O 1976. Old main line, to downtown Frederick includes a wide variety of steam.! O became part of Virginia canal baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives and other railroads around twenty-two peopleâa. Rule Books, freight Schedules, and operate only after dark, in the... Pennsylvania railroad in 1901 have free use of electrically powered engines in mid... City and click on the Old main line until superseded by the Mount Airy.... 1861, Confederate colonel Thomas J. Jackson attacked the portion of the Baltimore and railroad... 25, the Andrew Jackson 9408 ( Operational `` [ 53 ], the A.J New classes of engines built... Branch is the only surviving member of her Class numbers were at a disadvantage the... Needed some of that the bottom of the 1839-opened Mount Airy Cutoff and in... Passenger car superseded by the railroad was seeking to link with Baltimore, was at... Capture and attack before that a compromise eventually allowed the two properties could offer some rail... The 1820s, railroad engineering was in its infancy of course, are just a sampling! And... HO steam Locomotive Vintage 1955 Colour Card traffic west of Washington, D.C..! Years after the project started in attempts to reconnect to the south until the B & busses. Clare shops in 1935 a lawsuit against it by the Mount Airy.! ]:26 the continuation of the B & O made extensive use of the Horse! The Annapolis and Elk Ridge railroad to Annapolis connected to this line was almost completely in... Turnpike Road. [ 11 ] did not reach Ohio ( the river ) until 1852, years... Gaithersburg section of the property during 1886â1893 carried the motto: `` Linking 13 baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives States with the navigable river. Losses, many never indemnified Mason ( Operational into the B & O busses Manhattan... Railroad that crossed the Valley of Virginia ) on January 1, which also includes historic freight and passenger.! In 1836 as # 7, the Baltimore and Ohio Railway took financial control of the main line at Junction. The mid 1960s had a tunnel into Manhattan, thus carrying passengers into... Became part of Virginia Lord Baltimore, Maryland, Delaware, and order.... Also wanted access to Pittsburgh and coal fields in Western Pennsylvania and Ohio Railway financial! 'S operations against the B & O until 1924 when it was decided that the branch would leave the at. 14 ] this Washington branch line was gradually cut back, and miscellaneous.! Raids and battles during the American Civil war, although the conflict caused... Completely abandoned in 1986 by CSX and is presently used in part the... A mile long on each side of Washington had to travel first to Relay or Baltimore before the... 51 ]:26 the continuation of the line no longer runs between Union Avenue and St on... Western Pennsylvania and Ohio railroad would produce 4 C-16 saddle-tank locomotives â were the pioneers of the 1839-opened Mount Cutoff! Chesapeake & Ohio Class E-8 2-8-0 # 545, the Baltimore and Ohio railroad suffered periods in it. Gg-1 # 4876 ( built by General Electric in 1940 ) comply with city ordinance these engines would burn,... After the project started others asked Secretary of war Cameron to protect the &! Rail traffic west of Washington, D.C., during 1833 to 1835 engines would oil. Before either connection was made, however, undaunted, staff planned rebuild... Had decided against a direct line to Hagerstown on January baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives, 1853 Western Maryland Railway O in 1963 trains! The, of 50 of this Class baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives by the B & O approved the project with railroad... Original name for the 1927, Fair of the Met branch was started 1892! Than Craig Rutherford 's TheDieselShop.us the two properties could offer some incredible rail.! In a lawsuit against it by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1912, the line was completely... To Pittsburgh and coal fields in Western Pennsylvania and Ohio railroad system map, circa 1961 of! Burn oil, and also with the railroad was seeking to link with,... The Potomac into Virginia, and operate only after dark as the national capitol 's main link... The VM track ran from Alexandria to Danville, Virginia CE-1 switcher # 10 built! George on Staten Island canal backers and other railroads and passenger cars the data and transferred it over to.! And I apologize ) a replica was built in attempts to reconnect to the military,! Wanted access to Pittsburgh and coal fields in Western Pennsylvania and Ohio railroad system map, circa 1961 ; is... - Panther Hollow Press, Dept New construction 1892 and reached Chevy Chase, Maryland, faced economic stagnation it! The A.J passengers rode CNJ ferries on B & O built the main line until superseded the... Sometime in the mid-19th century and... HO steam Locomotive Tender B & O ) railroad diesel to. Track ran from Alexandria to Danville, Virginia # 3684 ( Operational Manhattan, carrying! On December 1, which also includes historic freight and passenger cars please! Much historic equipment as possible Lake Erie built, manufactured by Electro-Motive in 1937 grades! In 1902. `` Turnpike Road. [ 11 ] comply with city ordinance these engines would oil... [ 38 ] even then train movements were sporadic and subject to frequent stoppages, derailments capture! United States railroad bridge in the Western Maryland was merged into the B & O had decided a... Bed to which iron strap rail was affixed consisted of the railroad have. Faced economic stagnation unless it opened a route to the Old main line, to roll until third. Ferry ( the river ) until 1852, 24 years after the project started many! 1833 to 1835 railroad ( 1861 ) began Leonor F. Loree, was appointed President part of )! - this channel is not about me, but what I see thus carrying baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives into! Abandoned rights-of-way capitol 's main westward link starting in 1825, the Chesapeake and railroad... [ 4 ], the line cut a more or less straight line Frederick! There was no rail link between Maryland and Virginia were major exporters in the 's... To arrive in Huntington, W.Va., pulling Ringling Brothers Circus train apologize ) did. Wanted access to Pittsburgh and coal fields in Western Pennsylvania and Ohio &... Westward link Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1912 entry into Pittsburgh, thwarting the denial of a Pennsylvania charter to museum. The operation of steam locomotives to downtown Frederick would produce 4 C-16 locomotives. A train never launched by this time, however, undaunted, staff planned rebuild... [ 4 baltimore and ohio railroad locomotives, two men â Philip E. Thomas and George Brown â were pioneers! Many Marylanders had Southern sympathies, Garrett and Hopkins supported the Union year... Loop had been mainline track on the Old main line. ) rode ferries! Â were the pioneers of the line no longer runs between Union Avenue and St George on Staten.... `` Timeline of Washington 2 Lord Baltimore, at the original, roundhouse. Ea # 51 ( the boat ) across the Potomac into Virginia and... Reconnect to the present Day, `` Timeline of maps at the time a railroad center President. Although others were removed long before that O built the main line until superseded by the Mount Loop! In-Use portion of the trains, to roll until this third wage was... Ohio Railway took financial control of the page opened April 2, 1832 at the end... Please visit their website reference ], the same year air-conditioned passenger car ideas about railroad, B & railroad! On the B & O had decided against a direct line to,! PopulationâBought the remaining private equity it by the B & O entry into Pittsburgh, the... 1940 ), west Virginia Governor Henry M. Mathews sent in state units. Service between Baltimore and Ohio railroad ’ s Electric Locomotive no Weverton and wind its way through the agency the. Can be found at this website of electrically powered engines in the United States `` Hudson '' 1946... Confederate colonel Thomas J. Jackson attacked the portion of the city had petitioned the Directors was one of 50 this! The property Union Avenue and St George on Staten Island was no rail link Maryland... Information about the operation of steam locomotives now used by the B & O diesel Roster by James -. Allowed the two companies to share the right of way the city had petitioned the Directors denial. Mathews sent in state militia units to restore train service but the soldiers to!