Over the past 200 years, dogs have undergone rapid phenotypic change and were formed into today's modern breeds due to artificial selection imposed by humans. Dogs with a breed standard may be accepted into one or more of the major registries (kennel clubs) of dog breeds, including the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (formed 1911, covering 98 countries[30]), The Kennel Club (1873, UK), American Kennel Club (1884), New Zealand Kennel Club (1886), Canadian Kennel Club (1888), United Kennel Club (1898), United Kennel Clubs International (UCI, Germany 1976), Australian National Kennel Council (1958), and other national breed registries. Recognized dog breeds are classified by groups, such as Hound, Terrier, Working, Herding, Sporting, Non-Sporting, Toy and Miscellaneous; some groups may be further subdivided by some registries. We considered various features to make each description informative. Over the past 200 years, dogs have undergone rapid phenotypic change and were formed into today's modern breeds due to artificial selection imposed by humans. The study indicated that throughout history, global dog populations experienced numerous episodes of diversification and homogenization, with each round further reducing the power of genetic data derived from modern breeds to help infer their early history. Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Dog breeds are also sometimes grouped into similar types, such as Mastiff types, spitz types, pit bulls, or Lurchers. Most breeds were derived from small numbers of founders within the last 200 years. A dog breed is represented by a sufficient number of individuals to stably transfer its specific characteristics over generations. To aid in … Detailed profiles of more than 200 dog breeds. The study found that there were three well-supported groups that were highly divergent and distinct from modern domestic dogs. [42], Natural breeds rose through time in response to a particular environment and in isolation from other populations of the species. Here you find Dog Breeds from A to Z. Many different terms were used to describe dogs, such as breed, strain, type, kind, and variety. For instance, the feist is a hunting dog raised in the Southern United States for hunting small game. The Argentine pila dog, the Bolivian Hairless Dog and the Ecuadorian Hairless Dog are not registered hairless dog breeds. Kennel clubs provide the recognition of distinct dog breeds, but there are many independent clubs with differing, and sometimes inconsistent standards and they need not apply scientific standards. Strong artificial selection has developed around 450 globally recognized breeds. You can search trough all the breeds including pictures and … Most Popular dogs in the world. [43] This environment included humans but with little or no selective breeding by humans. These are names that dogs use for Dog Breeds.. Trending pages. A breed is a specific group of domestic animals having homogeneous appearance (), homogeneous behavior, and/or other characteristics that distinguish it from other organisms of the same species.In literature, there exist several slightly deviating definitions. Some of the most popular breeds are sheepdogs, collies, poodles and retrievers. This list includes common breeds, rare breeds, and breeds that are still being developed into new breeds. These 9 breeds had been referred to as "ancient breeds". This category is for domestic dog breeds. Notably, dog breeds with flat faces and short noses have breathing difficulties,[37] eye trouble and other health issues.[38]. [18], The 2012 study found that modern breeds only emerged in the 19th century and that claims of their antiquity are based on little or no historical or empirical evidence. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognizes over 300 dog breeds. Visit Animal Planet now to take the dog breed quiz and find out. [6][4] Different types or breeds of dog were being developed by breeders who wanted to define specific characteristics and desirable features in their dogs. It is becoming popular to breed together two different breeds of dogs and call the new dog's breed a name that is a mixture of the parents' breeds' two names. The origins of dogs date back thousands of years, having evolved as domesticated descendants of the wolf, whereas modern dog breeds date back to the late 19th century. Also there is a Dog Breed Selector and a lot information about dogs. These breeds possess distinct traits related to morphology, which include body size, skull shape, tail phenotype, fur type, and coat colour. The first dogs were certainly wolflike, but the phenotypic changes that coincided with the dog–wolf genetic divergence are not known. [7] They became the guardians of their country's breed standards. This wiki will inform you about some of the dog breeds. Fierce Dog (term) Chase-Dog (term) Swift-Dog (term) Form was given a more prominent role than function. See each article for more information. [11][12] In 2010, a study looked at 48,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms that gave a genome-wide coverage of 912 dogs representing 85 breeds. A dog crossbreed is the result of mating two different breeds. Prior to the Victorian era, there were different types of dogs that were defined by their function. These breeds can vary in size and weight from a 0.46 kg (1.0 lb) teacup poodle to a 90 kg (200 lb) giant mastiff. In addition, most breed standards include a historical section, describing the place of origin and the original work done by the breed or its ancestor types. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Hunting dogs; Hounds, including Sight hounds and Scent hounds. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within the entire order of carnivores. If those other lineages were other basal breeds then a basal genetic signature remains. They were trained to hunt animals such as elks, wild boar, and Ussuri brown bears. Results also indicated that the Basenji had recent admixture with Middle Eastern wolves.[17]. Most basal breeds have hybridized with other lineages in the past. This page shows pages devoted to specific dog breeds, mixed breeds ( which covers unidentifiable breed), and accessories for dogs. : Alpine Mastiff Feists have a consistent set of characteristics that reliably differentiate them from other dog types and breeds. Assyrian dog Inscription-assyrian mastiff History-Pshdar dog-Assyrian Dog-Babylon dog.jpg 1,200 × 840; 457 KB Atoms For Peace Traveling Exhibit in Oak Ridge (7029174293).jpg 3,000 × 2,400; 909 KB Australian Shepherd Portrait.jpg 2,048 × 1,369; 215 KB [44], Group of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, "Dog10K: An international sequencing effort to advance studies of canine domestication, phenotypes, and health", "Analysis of Genetic Variation in 28 Dog Breed Populations With 100 Microsatellite Markers", Origins of the dog: domestication and early history, "Genome-wide SNP and haplotype analyses reveal a rich history underlying dog domestication", "Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography", "Canine Genetics Offers New Mechanisms for the Study of Human Cancer", "The New Breed Of Municipal Dog Control Laws:Are They Constitutional? These included spitz-breeds, toy dogs, spaniels, Mastiff-like breeds, small terriers, retrievers, herding dogs, scent-hounds, and sight-hounds. D&D Beyond The American Kennel Club recognizes 197 breeds. [13], Domestic dogs are the most variable of mammals. For each breed they recognize, kennel clubs and breed registries usually maintain and publish a breed standard which is a written description of the ideal specimen of the breed. The study found that dog breeds were so genetically distinct that 99% of individual dogs could be correctly assigned to their breed based on their genotype, indicating that breeding barriers (pure-bred breeding) have led to distinct genetic units. As a result, today dogs are the most abundant carnivore species and are dispersed around the world. Coren published a second edition in 2006. [6] Breed standards are the reason the breed came to be, and with those standards are key features, including form, function and fitness for purpose. Kennel Clubs maintain breed standards, record pedigrees in a breed registry (or studbook), and issue the rules for conformation dog shows and trials and accreditation of judges. It is a cross between theGolden Retrieverand theLabrador Retriever. A dog is said to be purebred if their parents were purebred and if the dog meets the standards of the breed. This list includes common breeds, rare breeds, and breeds that are still being developed into new breeds. The study identified 9 breeds that could be represented on the branches of a phylogenetic tree which grouped together with strong statistical support and could be separated from the other breeds with a modern European origin. A dog is a friend that never betrays the master. Includes personality, history, dog pictures, dog health info, and more. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund, German pronunciation: [ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈʃɛːfɐˌhʊnt]) is a breed of medium to large-sized working dog that originated in Germany. Gundogs, including Pointers, Retrievers, and Spaniels The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore, to have been domesticated. This continues today, resulting in hundreds of dog breeds, some that are similar to each other, and others that are very different. The domestic dog's origin includes the dog's genetic divergence from the wolf, its domestication, and its development into dog types and dog breeds.The dog is a member of the genus Canis, which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and was the first species and the only large carnivore to have been domesticated. [8], In 2017, a study showed that 9,000 years ago the domestic dog was present at what is now Zhokhov Island, arctic north-eastern Siberia, which was connected to the mainland at that time. [25] California Assembly Act AB 1634 was a bill introduced in 2007 that would require all non-working dogs of mixed breed over the age of 6 months to be neutered or spayed. Purebred dog breeders of today "have inherited a breeding paradigm that is, at the very least, a bit anachronistic in light of modern genetic knowledge, and that first arose out of a pretty blatant misinterpretation of Darwin and an enthusiasm for social theories that have long been discredited as scientifically insupportable and morally questionable. [27], The Canadian department of agriculture has strict standards for the documenting of what it calls "evolving breeds".[28]. Most of these breeds were developed within the last 200 years using only small numbers of founders. They often serve as registries, which are lists of adult purebred dogs and lists of litters of puppies born to purebred parents. By the end of the Victorian era, society had changed and so did the role of dogs. The German Shepherd (German: Deutscher Schäferhund), also known as the Alsatian, is a breed of medium-large dog. The optimal maximum size for a sled dog is 20–25 kg (44–55 lb) based on thermo-regulation, and the ancient sled dogs were between 16–25 kg (35–55 lb). It was first developed in Germany.They are often used as police dogs, but they have many other uses. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within t… The Kennel Club in the UK was founded in 1873, and was the world's first national kennel club and breed registry. Official documents from the hospice in St. Bernard Pass concerning the dogs date back to 1707, with paintings and drawings of the dog even earlier. The Chinook is New Hampshire's official state dog. This is a list of dog breeds, including extant breeds and extinct breeds, varieties and types. [40][41], A mongrel, mixed-breed dog or mutt is a dog that does not belong to one officially recognized breed but can be a mix of two breeds and is not the result of intentional breeding. [2], A dog breed will consistently produce the desirable physical traits, movement and temperament that were developed over decades of selective breeding. The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French mastiff breed—and one of the oldest French dog breeds. These breeds possess distinct morphological traits including body size, skull shape, tail phenotype, fur colour and fur type. The dog breed selector helps you determine which type of dog you should get. The dog is a popular breed of dog for hunting breed of dog and it is mainly used for hunting rodents, fox, and badger. However, the United Kennel Club recognizes one breed of feist, the Treeing Feist, while the American Kennel Club does not recognize any feist breed. Some may be locally adapted dog types (or landraces) that may have the visual characteristics of a modern purebred dog.In contrast, modern dog breeds strictly adhere to long established breed standards, that began with documented foundation breeding stock sharing a … [29] Included in the breed standard description are externally observable aspects of appearance and behaviour that are considered by the breed club to be the most important for the breed, and externally observable details of appearance or temperament that are considered by the breed club to be unacceptable (called faults). Other temperaments may be due to the legacies of 'ancient' ancestry.[20]. This dog is an old breed of dog. [19], In 2014, a study indicated that some breed-temperaments, such as anxiety or fear, may be linked to gene mutations. The original Schnauzer was of the same size as the modern Standard Schnauzer breed and was bred as a rat-catcher and guard dog.The Giant Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer were … Their behavioural traits include guarding, herding, and hunting, and personality traits such as hypersocial behavior, boldness, and aggression. This page was last changed on 19 December 2020, at 12:01. The same standard has been found in the remains of sled dogs from this region 2,000 years ago and in the modern Siberian Husky breed standard. [23] Further, some groups of dogs which clearly share a persistent set of characteristics and documented descent from a known foundation stock may still not be recognized by some clubs as breeds. See the lists of dog breeds that these important breed registries allow: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_dog_breeds&oldid=7219378, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Dog breed, for information about what a dog breed is. The dogs were selectively bred as either sled dogs or as hunting dogs, which implies that a sled dog standard and a hunting dog standard existed at that time. As in a 2004 study that found 9 ‘ancient breeds’ to be genetically divergent, the study found 13 breeds that were genetically divergent from the modern breeds: the Basenji, Saluki, Afghan hound, Samoyed, Canaan dog, New Guinea singing dog, dingo, Chow Chow, Chinese Shar Pei, Akita, Alaskan malamute, Siberian husky and American Eskimo dog. There are three breeds: the Standard, the Giant, and the Miniature.Toy and teacup are not breeds of Schnauzer, but these common terms are used to market undersized or ill-bred Miniature Schnauzers. In contrast, modern dog breeds are particular breed standards, sharing a common set of heritable characteristics, determined by the kennel club that recognizes the breed. Except for color and historical documentation, the St. Bernard is very similar to the largest Sennenhund. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Some breeds demonstrate outstanding skills in herding, retrieving, scent detection, and guarding, which demonstrates the functional and behavioral diversity of dogs. As a result, the large phenotypic variation across dog breeds can be studied through the analysis with only a small number of genetic markers.[14]. Mastiff-type dogs were kept for guarding and hunting, and short-legged dogs were also bred. [1][3][4] Other uses of the term breed when referring to dogs include pure breeds, cross-breeds, mixed breeds and natural breeds.[5]. Other dogs were more massive at 30 kg (66 lb) and appear to be dogs that had been crossed with wolves and used for polar-bear hunting. The study found that the Pharaoh Hound and Ibizan Hound were not as old as once believed; rather, they had been recreated from combinations of other breeds, and that the Norwegian Elkhound grouped with the other European dogs despite reports of direct Scandinavian origins dating back 5,000 years.[15]. Subcategories. A puppy with a poodle and a … It can help you pick a dog or just help you … [1] Dogs are the most variable mammal on earth, with artificial selection producing around 450 globally recognized dog breeds. Over 300 dog breeds information and photos Dog Breeds: Guideline for Exacting Dog Owners. People have carefully bred dogs for thousands of years. Dog types are broad categories of dogs based on form, function or style of work, lineage, or appearance. Groups of owners that have dogs of the same breed and have an interest in dog breeding can form national Kennel clubs. Despite its name, it's not a spaniel breed. When distinguishing breed from type, the rule of thumb is that a breed always "breeds true". Breed categories. See each article for more information. "[24] The American Kennel Club allows mixed-breed dogs to be shown but under the condition the animals have been spayed or neutered, are not a wolf hybrid, and not eligible for the AKC Foundation Stock Service Program or an AKC Purebred Alternative Listing (PAL). [9], Between 3,000 and 4,000 years ago greyhound-type dogs were depicted on pottery and paintings in Egypt and Western Asia. There were 17 breeds that conflicted with phenotype or function and these were thought to be the result of crossing some of the other phenotypes. Over time, other breed registries followed suit. (There are hundreds, it's impossible to have a page on all of them.) Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. Pages in category "Dog Breeds" The following 106 pages are in this category, out of 106 total. The study found a deep genetic split between old-world and new-world wolves, and confirmed the genetic divergence of 13 breeds from a 2010 study (Afghan Hound, Akita, Alaskan Malamute, American Eskimo, Basenji, Canaan dog, Chow Chow, Dingo, New Guinea singing dog, Saluki, Samoyed, Shar-Pei, Siberian Husky), plus another three: the Eurasier, Finnish Spitz and Shiba Inu. In 2012, a study looked at 49,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms that gave a genome-wide coverage of 1,375 dogs representing 35 breeds, 19 wolves, and previous published genetic signatures of other breeds, giving a total of 121 breeds covered. Browse our list of 220 dog breeds to find the perfect dog breed for you, and then find adoptable dogs and dog shelters close to you. This breed in the 1600s was involved in dog fighting, which at the time was popular in Japan. They are distinctive from the modern breeds because the genetic heritage of the modern breeds has become blurred due to admixture, and the basal breeds have mostly avoided admixture with them due to geographic or cultural barriers. English: Dog breeds normally have several different names. The domestic dog is the first species, and the only large carnivore, to have been domesticated. [12][16] These breeds were referred to as "ancient", as opposed to modern, breeds because historically it was believed their origins dated back more than 500 years. Name Image Notes Alaunt: Large running dogs used during the Middle Ages to seize and bring down game for the hunter to dispatch; they were described as having the body of a greyhound with a broad and short brachycephalic type head. [31], Purebred dogs have more health problems than mongrel dogs, and require more veterinary visits,[32] and tend to have lower longevity. 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