His day was all work for the creature; His night communion with the Creator. Thus if Adam in Paradise, and some of His fallen descendants were to perform the same virtuous action, the act of the former would have more merit in the one sense; the act of the latter in the other. UPON WHAT GROUNDS CHRIST THUS HUMBLED HIMSELF TO DEATH.1. By the voluntary surrender of His life. This exaltation is —1. The term kenosis derives from the verb kenoo, which Paul uses in Philippians 2:7 to speak of the humility of Christ. They had no working strength, for their work arm, once sufficient, was broken; nay, they had neither hand nor heart for their work again (Romans 8:7; Joshua 24:19).4. Not to reward in the one case may be churlishness; in the other it would be to break one's word; whilst in the third there would be positive dishonesty. So the Eternal Word assumed human flesh and merited God's favour to us by a perfect obedience to the law, and satisfying Divine justice by pouring forth His blood in sacrifice for our sins. (1) From whence. (4) Christ fulfilled all righteousness for you to the end that you might serve Him in holiness and righteousness. When in consequence of original apostasy from God man had forfeited the Divine amity, when having deserted his natural Lord, other lords had got dominion over him, when according to an eternal rule of justice he stood adjudged to destruction, when all the world stood guilty before God and no remedy did appear, God out of infinite goodness designed our redemption.2. ITS PECULIAR ADVANTAGEOUSNESS TO THE DESIGNS OF OUR LORD IN SUFFERING.1. As the reward of His obedience Jesus was empowered with the prerogative of bestowing the gift of eternal life on all that believe on His name.(R. How full of reverence to His name! Obedience in some petty matter is little worth. And so long as the needful processes of the preparation go on He there lives, and intercedes, and rules, and wears the very form in which He suffered. December 24, 2004. His intercourse with the coarse and the sinful.5. Not, however, that suffering in itself is acceptable to God; the thief suffered; it was the way in which the purpose for which it was borne which made it acceptable.3. A creature is indispensably subjected to the law of its Maker, by virtue of its creatureship and dependence, and is involved in no humiliation. Inured to poverty.4. Actions claiming the highest regards of God are those which have an intrinsic perfectness, and which, when looked at on all sides, are in entire correspondence with the mind and will of God. (c) Every knee and tongue. For all. God, though He have so exalted it, yet reckons it not exalted until we exalt it too. The first we like well, but the latter not so (Luke 6:46).5. It affords strong engagements to charity, to know that out of compassion for us Christ suffered.9. Not so.II. Let us gain a clear idea of a meritorious act. The assertion that God cannot lay aside some of what we may call the accidents of His being, and invest Himself in another way, is almost to assert that He is not God at all.(A. From death. Vaughan, M. A.The flower of humility fills the air with perfume, but its leaves lie hidden in the shade.(J. "[78] All his offices were derided: His Priestly (Matthew 27:42); His prophetical (Luke 22:64); His Kingly (John 19:2-3). For information. church is going to experience must be preceded by an individual unity with With this name there is comfort in the name of God; without it none at all.3. Perfect, both body and soul, with all the attributes of our humanity.3. (3) Christ is willing to do anything for thee. He appeared in the likeness of sinful flesh (Romans 8:3). Having suffered all His life long, He completed and finished His service in His death and burial; thus answering for them the law's demand of satisfaction for sin (John 19:30). So the Eternal Word assumed human flesh and merited God's favour to us by a perfect obedience to the law, and satisfying Divine justice by pouring forth His blood in sacrifice for our sins. God ever exalts for a cause. As the reward of His obedience Jesus was empowered with the prerogative of bestowing the gift of eternal life on all that believe on His name.(R. (1)The piercing His hands and feet, those sinews and sensitive parts. Had He suffered by private malice, His obedience had been less remarkable.4. Irons.I. (Matthew 16:19; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 20:2-3). Flavel. ITS BEING IN APPEARANCE CRIMINAL, as in semblance being an execution of justice on Him. Hutchinson, D. D.His was no mere resignation, for that is the attitude of the soul toward the inevitable, h creature may risk his life, indeed, provided the aim be a true and noble one; but no right is his to throw it away. Not to reward in the one case may be churlishness; in the other it would be to break one's word; whilst in the third there would be positive dishonesty. Application: Three uses may be made of this doctrine.1. His works were not His own works but His Father's. God ever exalts for a cause. As a child He was subject to His mother — but if interfered with in His work there were the "Woman; what have I to do with thee?" Christ saves by becoming a new principle of life in the soul through the action of the Divine Spirit.(W. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). TO WHOM He became a servant. The merit of the Cross rested on the whole of His life: as He foresaw His passion, so He accepted it.2. Even in Christ grace imparted worth to His natural actions (John 5:19). (4) That we should be tempted. In obedience to the Holy Ghost He goes into the desert and conquers by "It is written," etc.5. That Scripture prophecies might be accomplished (Isaiah 63:1; Genesis 3:15; Luke 24:25, 26).2. He trod not one step awry in sin, but many of the footsteps of sin appeared upon Him: e.g. Three things are in it. The entering into covenant and confirming by an oath were human types and shadows of the great covenant between God and man in Christ (Hebrews 7:21). Human nature was not left in a state of neutrality, as if God should look upon it without wrath or favour, hut was again to become the subject of Divine complacency.III. In the likeness of the infant He lay in the manger, of the boy He sat in the temple, of the man He walked the length and breadth of the land. It was needful for Him to assume this fashion. Jefferey, D. D.)The death of the cross wasR. Christ as man had within Himself the foundations of a true merit, and by His Divine personality communicated to His actions an infinite value.2. He who is "the Truth," was contented to be called "that deceiver." The better sort get to their knees gladly, and cheerfully confess Him. Year B. (1)The piercing His hands and feet, those sinews and sensitive parts. In HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY.1. (2) Whither. Let us trace on the likeness into His spiritual being. For who can suffer as Christ suffered. (3) Our Lord's actions could have obtained no merit, whatever their perfection, had they resulted only from His natural powers. His humility. The law said the slave was nothing less than a dead man; Christ was "a worm and no man."II. Neither the Father's ordination nor men's violence constituted the sacrifice (Psalm 40:7-8; John 10:17-18). So our Lord, as His answer to Pilate testifies, received the human judgment as God's. As a subject of the state He pays the tribute at the same moment that He asserts His claim and privilege as the Son of God. Flavel. And so we read, "See if there be any sorrow like my sorrow."3. At a time when this nature was stained by sin.3. Had He suffered by private malice, His obedience had been less remarkable.4. Had He been privately or suddenly dispatched, no great notice would have been taken of it, nor would it have been so fully proved.2. THE FULFILLING of the service according to the contract. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). Death, to us, is a surrender to an inevitable, from which we would prefer to be exempt, and at the best in most cases, it is a passive submission to a necessity, but the death of Jesus was Jesus in action.3. Obediently. —(1) Poverty. So we are to esteem it above every name, and to show our esteem by bowing with the knee and confessing with the tongue. To us it is a victory over the last and mightiest form of evil; to Him it was a surrender to the masterful forces of disorganization and ruin. Boston, D. D.)Christ a slaveJ. The name is not the sound but the sense — Him who is named. So our Lord, as His answer to Pilate testifies, received the human judgment as God's. So did Jesus. "(2) That we are conscious of joy and sorrow. ITS CHARACTERISTICS.1. If injured he had no redress. (3) The exact and impartial justice of God and His most righteous remedy against sin. Neither the Father's ordination nor men's violence constituted the sacrifice (Psalm 40:7-8; John 10:17-18). Some men as Shebna, Haman, Sanballat, are exalted no man knows wherefor.2. (2) "Himself." His temptation. They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. From death. (3) He farther requires somewhat from the tongue. Thus He answered the demand which the law had upon them for original holiness as a condition of life (Isaiah 9:6; Luke 1:35).2. He stooped to become a man. At death the slave might be scourged and tortured as none other might, and the bitterest and vilest death was assigned to Him. H. Giles, B. A.I.A VOLUNTARY death.II.A death of INFINITE LOVE.III.A death of KINGLY POWER.IV.A death of TERRIBLE BODILY PAIN AND MYSTERIOUS MENTAL ANGUISH.V.A death of CALM ASSURANCE.(R. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). )Christ degradedJ. He had His life either to give or to keep. The law said the slave was nothing less than a dead man; Christ was "a worm and no man."II. As a child He was subject to His mother — but if interfered with in His work there were the "Woman; what have I to do with thee?" Jefferey, D. D.The phrase states the landing place of Christ's career of humiliation, the antipodes of the contrast, the nadir below which it was impossible for Him to go.I. Merit ceased with the Cross: what follows is reward (John 19:30).4. Vaughan, M. The manner thereof. There was the humiliation of the flight and exile into Egypt.2. (3) Our Lord's actions could have obtained no merit, whatever their perfection, had they resulted only from His natural powers. (3)As citizen of the world He fulfilled the political law by paying taxes. Actions claiming the highest regards of God are those which have an intrinsic perfectness, and which, when looked at on all sides, are in entire correspondence with the mind and will of God. Of all the names a Christian can wear there is not one which places him so near his Master as this — a servant of God. Death was the objective end of His mission. Irons.I. THE MANHOOD CHRIST ASSUMED IS FULL OF THE DEEPEST COMFORT TO HIS CHURCH.1. TO WHOM He became a servant. The labouring man has the privilege of resemblance, for it is not unlikely that He worked at His father's trade. The character of His punishment.3. So Christ (Isaiah 53:3; Psalm 27:6). But Christ Jesus in His perfect obedience died, because He so willed, and when and as He willed. ITS BEING IN APPEARANCE CRIMINAL, as in semblance being an execution of justice on Him. Had He been privately or suddenly dispatched, no great notice would have been taken of it, nor would it have been so fully proved.2. Remove the superstition and retain both. There stands in a Strasburg church a monument suggestive in its sculptured group. (b) Bow to His name. AS A SLAVE CHRIST HAD TWO DUTIES TO EXECUTE.1. "Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree."1. It affords strong engagements to charity, to know that out of compassion for us Christ suffered.9. His humility. )Made in the likeness of menChrist a manJ. (c) Every knee and tongue. "[84] His constancy, meekness, charity, etc., were seen by vast multitudes, and made matters of the greatest notoriety. Pharaoh was humbled by His ten plagues. No slave could have any right as a citizen. There stands in a Strasburg church a monument suggestive in its sculptured group. The value of the compensation.4. Thus it was that Christ went down to His grave, and when He rose and was glorified the great representative principle went on. THE OBJECT FOR WHOM THIS MERIT WAS ACQUIRED.1. The nature of His kingdom was thereby signified. (3) Shame and reproach. (2) How is this name above all names. )Christ's humiliation and exaltationBishop Andrewes. It was with His Father He entered into the contract of service (Psalm 40:6). For exhortation. Vaughan, M. He was tempted and overcame by the Holy Ghost.2. For who can suffer as Christ suffered. But He was more than willing (Luke 12:50).2. Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation.5. His passions are his masters, his fears his chains, death his cruel tyrant.2. Justice was exacted of Jesus, and mercy was proffered to man. Where was there a Mediator worthy to intercede on our behalf? In HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY.1. It was His will to die; and yet He died not of His own will, but of His Father's. self-evaluation, vanity, conceit, excessive ambition."[75]. The Atonement was no compromise between the demands of justice and the pleadings of mercy. They had it of men, He of God. From death. Harris.During the wars of the first Napoleon, in a naval engagement, the son of the captain of a vessel was placed by his father at a certain post and charged to keep it till his return. (a) How given. From death to life, from shame to glory, from the form of a servant to the dignity of a sovereign. He took the nature of all, and thus merited for all (Hebrews 2:14). He was the most obedient of Sons to His heavenly Father — "I can of Myself do nothing."III. So did Jesus. St. Paul put it above his apostleship.2. All judgment, as Moses says, is God's, or is administered by authority derived from Him, magistrates being His officers. But this grace is not the grace of adoption, but that of union. Notorious villains were crucified with Him. But He first taught us to call our servants "friends."I. Who would say of any merely human being that he was "found in fashion as a man."2. (2) The horrible and cursed evil of sin to need such a remedy. Until what? There is nothing derogatory to the sacred manhood of Christ in this covenant. Produced by the Spirit. Here on earth it is otherwise. A king need not always wear the royal robes and sit on a throne. Once Christ rejoiced in Spirit, and twice shed tears. Even in Christ grace imparted worth to His natural actions (John 5:19). (4)As a man, He fulfilled the whole moral law. Our Saviour in any other way could hardly have displayed so many virtues to such advantage. He stooped to become a man. that Jesus is a Lord to save (Matthew 14:30), and a Lord to serve (Acts 9:6). Death, to us, is a surrender to an inevitable, from which we would prefer to be exempt, and at the best in most cases, it is a passive submission to a necessity, but the death of Jesus was Jesus in action.3. To be scorned by men.4. H. Giles, B. A.I.A VOLUNTARY death.II.A death of INFINITE LOVE.III.A death of KINGLY POWER.IV.A death of TERRIBLE BODILY PAIN AND MYSTERIOUS MENTAL ANGUISH.V.A death of CALM ASSURANCE.(R. He came not to do His own will, but His Father's. himself, and gave himself up to a tortured death for us. A creature is indispensably subjected to the law of its Maker, by virtue of its creatureship and dependence, and is involved in no humiliation. Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation.5. Colossians Respect a body which has such fellowships; be tender to the corporeal wants of the members of the body of Christ.(J. He was not at first that perfect man which lay in the intention of the Father before all ages, but He was like it, as the shadow is to the substance; and He gradually grew into it. Christ was always obeying inward principle. But it is not humble courtesy, but humble obedience here. (2) It must be voluntary. He appeared in the likeness of sinful flesh (Romans 8:3). Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation.5. God ever exalts for a cause. Obedient and yet put to death? They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. How free and forward to do His will. (2) Nor could He have become the Head of the Church. Obedient and yet put to death? λόγος we must say somewhat; ὀμοῦ, do it together, not some speak and others keep mute; εξ, speak out, not whisper. It should give us a humbling sense of our weakness and vileness to know that we needed such succour. We must have union with Christ for pardon and life (John 15:16; John 1:16; 2 Peter 1:4). The merit of the Cross rested on the whole of His life: as He foresaw His passion, so He accepted it.2. As an infant He was obedient to circumcision.2. But what name was given here? or "Who is My mother?"2. The easiest death is painful, however downy the bed. )Obedient unto deathR. If injured he had no redress. Had Christ been made an angel it had been infinitely below Himself.2. The exaltation of His name, the amends for the Cross. IN WHAT MANNER CHRIST UNDERWENT THIS DEATH.1. The nature of His kingdom was thereby signified. ITS DEVELOPMENT.1. (3) Let us praise Him exceedingly, and raise Him in our esteem above everything and every one else (1 Peter 2:7; 1 Corinthians 2:2; Philippians 3:8; Matthew 10:37). that Jesus is a Lord to save (Matthew 14:30), and a Lord to serve (Acts 9:6). (b) Bow to His name. (2) "Himself." "Thy law is within my heart" was the language of His whole life. The Deity of Christ gave inconceivable sensitiveness to the agonized consciousness of Jesus; and who shall say that, in that brief hour, Jesus did not experience a sense of the awful demerit of sin and of the fierceness of God's wrath against it transcending the anguish of a lost soul?II. In this kind of passion (the death of the cross) consider divers notable adjuncts.I. He holds ground for us till, in due time, we shall come.3. (2) No man can confess this "but by the Holy Ghost. The value of the compensation.4. Accordingly this death did not fall on Him by surprise or chance. The slave, in the eye of the law, was a mere chattel, which could be bought and sold; for the base sum of less than three pounds Judas sold his Lord.4. He became obedient to teach us passive and active obedience to God's will. It should breed a disregard for the world and its vanities, and reconcile us to even the worst condition? Ordinances, however precious, are humbling because the badge of a fallen state.2. All judgment, as Moses says, is God's, or is administered by authority derived from Him, magistrates being His officers. No point is more fruitful in wholesome instruction, more forcible to kindle devout affections, more efficacious in affording incentives to a pious life.1. And so listening in vain for the voice which alone he would obey, he perished in the explosion of the ship.(W. Not to reward in the one case may be churlishness; in the other it would be to break one's word; whilst in the third there would be positive dishonesty. Hebrews 10): The Jewish slave wishing, for the love he bare his master, to continue in his service, had his ear fastened for a while with an awl to his master's door in token of his abiding always in his service. (Cited and explained by O'Brien [pp. Not a natural death, nor a mere violent death, but a violent death having three embittering circumstances.1. (James 4:10), "Humble yourselves, therefore, under God's mighty Christ saves by becoming a new principle of life in the soul through the action of the Divine Spirit.(W. (1)Specified — "death. To bring them into a state of adoption in the family of God. All judgment, as Moses says, is God's, or is administered by authority derived from Him, magistrates being His officers. And so listening in vain for the voice which alone he would obey, he perished in the explosion of the ship.(W. Flavel. (2) Whither. As a result of this exaltation all are subject to Jesus: "that at the name of Jesus every knee should Yet after all, with this combination of natural, super natural, and Divine energies in the work of Christ, its claim on Divine retribution must rest on some covenant or promise. How certain, then, His sympathy.III. (4) Death. For service has been dignified since Christ was a servant. Ordinances, however precious, are humbling because the badge of a fallen state.2. O. Mackay.During one of the campaigns in the American Civil War, when the winter weather was very severe, some of Stonewall Jackson's men having crawled out in the morning from their snow-laden blankets, half frozen, began to curse him as the cause of their sufferings. Fallen man is the most servile thing in God's universe — a bond slave of Satan, "Sold under sin" — the servant of uncleanness. There stands in a Strasburg church a monument suggestive in its sculptured group. Nature, even when pure, cannot purchase a supernatural reward. The Greeks, then, in consistence with their own wisdom, could not reasonably scorn the Cross, which Christ freely chose to recommend the most excellent virtues to imitation.II. It was a most convenient touchstone to prove the genuine disposition and work of men, so as to discriminate those who can discern and love true goodness though so disfigured, and not be scandalized by the Cross.4. He took it on Him for releasing us from that state of bondage into which our father Adam, by his mismanagement, had brought all mankind. (2) It must be voluntary. Irons.I. Jesus and the Kingdom Christ's actions in perfectness contrast with those of the creature. "To the glory of the Father," whose great glory it is that His Son is Lord of such servants, that men shall say, "see what servants He hath." TO WHOM He became a servant. 9; Hebrews 2:9; Luke 24:26, 46; Psalm 110:7; Hebrews 12:2). Things that are exalted seem not to be so until their name go abroad in the world. A. They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. (2) "Every knee" —(a) "Shall bow," for what better way to exalt Him than by our humility, who for His humility was exalted. This is the only acceptable service. He trod not one step awry in sin, but many of the footsteps of sin appeared upon Him: e.g. III. To us it is a victory over the last and mightiest form of evil; to Him it was a surrender to the masterful forces of disorganization and ruin. The vehemence of His love.2. If Christ shed His blood for sin(1) let us shed the blood of sin (Romans 6:10, 11; Galatians 5:24). 3. A cause there is. He prayed, and praying was heard, though He Himself was God. (2)The extension and distortion of His body. It was His will to die; and yet He died not of His own will, but of His Father's. A cause there is. Pride is madness in the presence of Him who made Himself of no reputation.5. Remove the superstition and retain both. It is the figure of a warrior before an open grave. His person is out of sight, but His name is left behind that we may do reverence to it. The boy's position became dangerous, and he was urged to quit it. God was pleased to prosecute it, as thereby no wise to impair but rather to advance His glory. Vaughan, M. (1) This lets us see the transcendent and inexpressible love of Christ to poor sinners (Galatians 2:20). 9; Hebrews 2:9; Luke 24:26, 46; Psalm 110:7; Hebrews 12:2). Even in Christ grace imparted worth to His natural actions (John 5:19). (1) "He humbled" — so great a person. In that His dying was the supreme expression of His submission to the will of the Father. This obedience was the best part of His sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 26:39).3. 10. Of course a superstitious use has been made of this act; so there has of hearing sermons. All his offices were derided: His Priestly (Matthew 27:42); His prophetical (Luke 22:64); His Kingly (John 19:2-3). The two are conjoined in Hebrews 10:7, and John 10:18. Remove the superstition and retain both. Christ was anointed that He might be Jesus — Saviour. He hid His holiness, so that His apostate angel shrank not from approaching Him, to tempt Him. "The Scripture marks the special stages of His humiliation.1. The atoning value of the Cross lay in the removal of a hindrance: its meritoriousness acquired a positive gain. AS A SLAVE CHRIST HAD TWO DUTIES TO EXECUTE.1. A. Vaughan, M. A.The flower of humility fills the air with perfume, but its leaves lie hidden in the shade.(J. (4) But there is an obedience which cometh from natural reason; but some other there be wherein there is no other reason but the will of a lawful superior. This honour is awarded Christ for the death of the Cross; shall we, then, rob Him of it? The Cross completed the treasure of merit. The atoning value of the Cross lay in the removal of a hindrance: its meritoriousness acquired a positive gain. From time to time, in earnest of His future purpose, He appeared as a man to the Old Testament saints. ITS BEING MOST SHAMEFUL — a Roman punishment reserved for slaves, answering to the Jewish punishment of hanging up dead bodies. (3)As citizen of the world He fulfilled the political law by paying taxes. We deserve open condemnation and exemplary punishment, wherefore He was pleased to undergo not only an equivalent pain for us, but in a sort equal blame before God and man.3. Our body is to afford her part, and not the upper parts, the tongue in the head, but also the lower, the knee in the leg. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). A fountain is useless to the thirsty unless they drink. Sinless. To us death is the chalice whose poison has been changed by the chemistry of redeeming love into nectar; to Jesus it was a cup full of the concentrated dregs of woe. Conclusion:1. By the voluntary surrender of His life. Such a covenant was made with Abraham (Hebrews 6:17, 18). (b) Why the knee first — because we thereby put ourselves in mind of due regard to Him in reverence, and are therefore the fitter to speak of and to Him with respect. Humbly and meekly — (Isaiah 53:7) — from His expostulation with Judas (Matthew 26:50) to His last prayer (Luke 23:34) all is that of One who, when He suffered He threatened not (1 Peter 2:23).III. (4) This is sad and dreadful news to all impenitent sinners (Hebrews 10:29).2. (2) The horrible and cursed evil of sin to need such a remedy. He suffered without the gate (Hebrews 12:12; Leviticus 24:14).3. Consider —(1) He was in the form of God who served for you, and delivered you from the worst of masters. Eyleen has given me the chair that lets me see the sun and a statue in our backyard, someone the whole world knows by name. Christ's actions were of this character (Romans 15:36; Luke 22:42). A fountain is useless to the thirsty unless they drink. a treasure to be greedily clutched and ostentatiously displayed," that is, he This obedience was the best part of His sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 26:39).3. Merit may be calculated by the condition of the person who merits, or by the difficulty of the action. (Matthew 16:19; Revelation 3:7; Revelation 1:18; Revelation 20:2-3). He suffered without the gate (Hebrews 12:12; Leviticus 24:14).3. They in heaven "cast down their crowns and fall down" and confess Him singing (Revelation 4:10); they under the earth are thrown down and made His footstool (Psalm 110:1); they on earth, as in the midst, partake of both. Privileges. `` 2 His he emptied himself sermon under the Cross lay in the blessed Trinity a poor virgin His. 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