4. who have for my life laid down--"who did for my life lay down" their own necks--that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth ( Acts 18:6 Acts 18:9 Acts 18:10 ), or more probably at Ephesus ( Acts 19:30 Acts 19:31 ; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32 ). In this case the apostle's desire seems to be that on receipt of his epistle, with its salutations, they should in this manner expressly testify their Christian affection. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. The Church Is Made Up of Ordinary, Diverse People Who Are “In The Lord.” But no more seems meant than to assure the Romans in what affectionate esteem they were held by the churches generally; all that knew he was writing to Rome having expressly asked their own salutations to be sent to them. Gaius, whose hospitality I and the whole church here enjoy, sends you his greetings. While his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, but before they came together, 12 she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. 20. I am glad therefore on your behalf--"I rejoice therefore over you," seems the true reading. Eph. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant a of the church in Cenchrea. Very little is written in the Bible about Andronicus. Nothing more is known of this Quartus. — Ed. I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord. 26. And we may rest well assured that the prosperity or decline of churches, and of individual Christians, will have not a little to do with their faithfulness or indifference to this imperative duty. Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord. (, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. . But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. But at least it would seem to indicate that they were each a center of some few Christians who met at his house--it may be for further instruction, for prayer, for missionary purposes, or for some other Christian objects. of the city--doubtless of Corinth. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a … 16:1)? Romans 16 It is my desire to say a good word for Phoebe, who is a servant of the church in Cenchreae: That you will take her in kindly, after the way of the saints, as one who is the Lord's, and give her help in anything in which she may have need of you: b... Read verse in The Bible in Basic English 10. Romans 14 Bible Study. commanded" that the Gospel "mystery," so long kept hid but now fully disclosed, shall be "made known to all nations for the obedience of faith" ( Romans 16:26 )? She is a servant of the church in Cenchrea. Greet--or "salute" Mary, who bestowed much labour on us--labor, no doubt, of a womanly kind. So will their Christian character acquire solidity and elevation, and their influence for good be proportionably extended. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Salute them that are of the household of Narcissus, that are in the Lord. 3:20; Jude 24). This the apostle calls here a mystery hitherto undisclosed, in what sense Romans 16:27 will show, but now fully unfolded; and his prayer for the Roman Christians, in the form of a doxology to Him who was able to do what he asked, is that they might be established in the truth of the Gospel, not only in its essential character, but specially in that feature of it which gave themselves, as Gentile believers, their whole standing among the people of God. The σὺν αὐτοῖς ἀδελφοί of Romans 16:14, and σὺν αὐτοῖς πάντες ἅγιοι of Romans 16:15, have been taken by De W. and Reiche to point to some separate associations of Christians, perhaps (De W.) assemblies as in Romans 16:5; or (Reiche) unions for missionary purposes. Epænetus, as the first believer in that region called Proconsular Asia, was dear to the apostle. 27. Romans 16:1-27 . but their own belly--not in the grosset sense, but as "living for low ends of their own" (compare Philippians 3:19 ). Greet Ampliatus, my dear friend in the Lord. 17. Romans 16, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work which laboured much in the Lord--referring probably, not to official services, such as would fall to the deaconesses, but to such higher Christian labors--yet within the sphere competent to woman--as Priscilla bestowed on Apollos and others ( Acts 18:18 ). But this Tertius would have the Romans to know that, far from being a mere scribe, his heart went out to them in Christian affection; and the apostle, by giving his salutation a place here, would show what sort of assistants he employed. which are of note among the apostles--Those who think the word "apostle" is used in a lax sense, in the Acts and Epistles, take this to mean "noted apostles" [CHRYSOSTOM, LUTHER, CALVIN, BENGEL, OLSHAUSEN, THOLUCK, ALFORD, JOWETT]; others, who are not clear that the word "apostle" is applied to any without the circle of the Twelve, save where the connection or some qualifying words show that the literal meaning of "one sent" is the thing intended, understand by the expression used here, "persons esteemed by the apostles" [BEZA, GROTIUS, DE WETTE, MEYER, FRITZSCHE, STUART, PHILIPPI, HODGE]. The Book of Romans. Andronicus and Junia--or, as it might be, "Junias," a contracted form of "Junianus"; in this case, it is a man's name. as--"so as" becometh saints--so as saints should receive saints. In such matters, however, the state of society and the peculiarities of different places require to be studied. 2 Receive her in the Lord's name, as God's people should, and give her any help she may need from you; for she herself has been a good friend to many people and also to me. Nor can any approach him in these peculiarities without exercising corresponding influence on all with whom they come in contact ( Romans 16:1-16 ). ( A) to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon[ a][ b] of the church in Cenchreae. Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. Greet those in the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord--two active women. gosʹ, appears 12 times in the Christian Greek Scriptures, most often in the letters of Paul. 24. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also--(See Psalms 41:1-3 , 2 Timothy 1:16-18 ). These little peeps into the rudimental forms which Christian fellowship first took in the great cities, though too indistinct for more than conjecture, are singularly interesting. unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles--whose special apostle this dear couple had rescued from imminent danger. Romans 16:27Other ancient authorities lack to whom. All rights reserved worldwide. Erastus, who is the city’s director of public works, and our brother Quartus send you their greetings. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas and the other brothers and sisters with them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. They are outstanding among. All rights reserved. His name means man-conquering. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. and--salute. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. (5) "Has the everlasting God . They risked their lives for me. (3) Christians should cheer their own and each other's hearts, amidst the toils and trials of their protracted warfare, with the assurance that it will have a speedy and glorious end; they should accustom themselves to regard all opposition to the progress and prosperity of Christ's cause--whether in their own souls, in the churches with which they are connected, or in the world at large--as just "Satan" in conflict, as ever, with Christ their Lord; and they should never allow themselves to doubt that "the God of peace" will "shortly" give them the neck of their Enemy, and make them to bruise the Serpent's head ( Romans 16:20 ). 1. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20 , &c., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness. Romans 16:23 "Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. As in Romans 16:17 to 20 inclusive, he reproved the Gentiles who caused divisions; so in these verses his special object is to put an end to the objections of the Jews. And of course, if "Junia" is to be taken for a woman, this latter must be the meaning. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. Stachys my beloved; this is a Greek name, which signifieth an ear of corn. Romans 14 addresses issues that divide many Christians. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly--The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are "shortly" to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of "putting their feet upon the neck" of that formidable enemy--symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. 19 Because Joseph, her husband to be, 13 was a righteous man, and because he did not want to disgrace her, he intended to divorce her 14 privately. . ", 25. Proud member I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, which is a servant--or "deaconess" of the church which is at Cenchrea--The word is "Cenchreæ," the eastern part of Corinth ( Acts 18:18 ). "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. 14:1–15:13) From this we naturally conclude that when Mark wrote his Gospel, Alexander and Rufus must have been well known as Christians among those by whom he expected his Gospel to be first read; and, in all likelihood, this was that very "Rufus"; in which case our interest is deepened by what immediately follows about his mother. and my fellow prisoners--on what occasion, it is impossible to say, as the apostle elsewhere tells us that he was "in prisons more frequent" ( 2 Corinthians 11:23 ). The churches of Christ salute you--The true reading is, "All the churches"; the word "all" gradually falling out, as seeming probably to express more than the apostle would venture to affirm. Should Christians celebrate Christmas, Easter and other religious festivals? So early at least as the reign of Trajan, we learn from PLINY'S celebrated letter to that emperor--A.D. 110, or 111--that they existed in the Eastern churches. (For further background, see the ESV Study Bible, pages 2180–2185, available online at www.esvbible.org.) Issues such as should Christians eat pork? And, indeed, if to be "in Christ" be the most enviable human condition, the earlier the date of this blessed translation, the greater the grace of it. The apostle adds his devout "Amen," which the reader--if he has followed him with the astonishment and delight of him who pens these words--will fervently echo. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. NIV®. 1:1 and 1 Tim. Read through the complete passage for this study, Romans 14:1–16:23. my beloved in the Lord--an expression of dear Christian affection. to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ! Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. (See Joshua 10:24 , 2 Samuel 22:41 , Ezekiel 21:29 , Psalms 91:13 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Read Romans 1:1-15, then discuss these questions: It is a man's name. Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. and by good words and fair speeches deceive the simple--the unwary, the unsuspecting. and avoid them--The fomentors of "divisions" here referred to are probably those who were unfriendly to the truths taught in this epistle, while those who caused "offenses" were probably those referred to in Romans 14:15 as haughtily disregarding the prejudices of the weak. 12. 11. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. ( B) 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord. and Quartus a brother--rather, "the" or "our brother"; as Sosthenes and Timothy are called ( 1 Corinthians 1:1 , 2 Corinthians 1:1 , Greek). Commentary on Romans 16:17-20 (Read Romans 16:17-20) How earnest, how endearing are these exhortations! The apostle mentions him here rather than in the opening address to this church, as he had not been at Rome [BENGEL]. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of Romans with a group of people. 19. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. That much—and more—is quite clear. 9, 10. On this concluding section of the Epistle, Note, (1) In the minute and delicate manifestations of Christian feeling, and lively interest in the smallest movements of Christian life, love, and zeal, which are here exemplified, combined with the grasp of thought and elevation of soul which this whole Epistle displays, as indeed all the writings of our apostle, we have the secret of much of that grandeur of character which has made the name of Paul stand on an elevation of its own in the estimation of enlightened Christendom in every age, and of that influence which under God, beyond all the other apostles, he has already exercised, and is yet destined to exert, over the religious thinking and feeling of men. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household--It would seem, from what is said of Narcissus in Romans 16:11 , that this Aristobulus himself had not been a Christian; but that the Christians of his household simply were meant; very possibly some of his slaves. Should Christians drink alcohol? Salute the beloved Persis--another woman. Romans 16:7 "Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me." Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… Greet those who belong to the household of Aristobulus. Week 1 - chapter 1. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had "a church at his house," else probably this would have been more expressly said. according to the revelation of the which was kept secret since the world began--literally, "which hath been kept in silence during eternal ages.". 2 Welcome her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her with anything she may need from you. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people. and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for--in order to the obedience of faith--Lest they should think, from what he had just said, that God had brought in upon his people so vast a change on their condition without giving them any previous notice, the apostle here adds that, on the contrary, "the Scriptures of the prophets" contain all that he and other preachers of the Gospel had to declare on these topics, and indeed that the same "everlasting God," who "from eternal ages" had kept these things hid, had given "commandment" that they should now, according to the tenor of those prophetic Scriptures, be imparted to every nation for their believing acceptance. Please receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints and help her in anything you can for she has also greatly... Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus. The custom prevailed among the Jews, and doubtless came from the East, where it still obtains. salute you in the Lord--So usually did the apostle dictate his epistles, that he calls the attention of the Galatians to the fact that to them he wrote with his own hand ( Galatians 6:11 ). Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Our apostle would seem to have been kept minutely informed as to the state of the church at Rome, both as to its membership and its varied activities, probably by Priscilla and Aquila. my kinsmen--or, "relatives." Amplias--a contracted form of "Ampliatus." How were they to receive Phebe (v.2)? 18. But if, as is more probable, the word be, as in our version, "Junia," the person meant was no doubt either the wife or the sister of Andronicus. Please visit www.usefulbible.com to find our articles on each verse of the book. 16 I commend. Bible Study. 23. (4) As Christians are held up and carried through solely by divine power, working through the glorious Gospel, so to that power, and to the wisdom that brought that Gospel nigh to them, they should ascribe all the glory of their stability now, as they certainly will of their victory at last ( Romans 16:25-27 ). Its adoption into the Christian churches, as the symbol of a higher fellowship than it had ever expressed before, was probably as immediate as it was natural. and Lucius--not Luke, for the fuller form of "Lucas" is not "Lucius" but "Lucanus." But this will hardly be supposed if it be observed that they are divided into two pairs of five each, and that after the first of these pairs it is added, "and the brethren which are with them," while after the second pair we have the words, "and all the saints which are with them." Useful Bible Studies > Romans Commentary > Study Guide. 5. Romans Images and Notes. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. All rights reserved. Scripture quoted by permission. 22. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned--"which ye learned." 8. 6. The grace, &c.--a repetition of the benediction precisely as in Romans 16:20 , save that it is here invoked on them "all. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. But is now made manifest--The reference here is to that peculiar feature of the Gospel economy which Paul himself was specially employed to carry into practical effect and to unfold by his teaching--the introduction of the Gentile believers to an equality with their Jewish brethren, and the new, and, to the Jews, quite unexpected form which this gave to the whole Kingdom of God (compare Ephesians 3:1-10 , &c.). 16. This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. Timothy, my co-worker, sends his greetings to you, as do Lucius, Jason and Sosipater, my fellow Jews. Through him it is natural to suppose that his wife would be brought in, and that this believing couple, now "heirs together of the grace of life" ( 1 Peter 3:7 ), as they told their two sons, Alexander and Rufus, what honor had unwittingly been put upon their father at that hour of deepest and dearest moment to all Christians, might be blessed to the inbringing of both of them to Christ. 2. the fact that no Greek manuscript of Romans is without chapter 16 3. the possibility that false teachers are implied in 14:1-15:13 16:25 "to Him who is able" This is another wonderful title for God used three times in the NT (cf. I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. 21. Salem Media Group. January 6, 2021. We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." 3-5. Interpersonal Reconciliation (Rom. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas and all the Lord’s people who are with them. 14, 15. ( Rom 16:1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. of Proud member our helper--"fellow labourer" in Christ. None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. How were they to assist her (v.2)? (See Romans 16:19 ). Romans 16 Who is Phebe a servant of (Rom. Romans 16 King James Version (KJV) 16 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. At its outset, this is an ascription of glory to the power that could do all this; at its close it ascribes glory to the wisdom that planned and that presides over the gathering of a redeemed people out of all nations. Romans 16:15 - Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. Amen." Greet Urbanus, our co-worker in Christ, and my dear friend Stachys. It would appear that he was one of only two persons whom Paul baptized with his own hand (compare 3 John 1:1 ). All the churches of Christ send greetings. In every age of the Church there have been real Christians whose excessive study of the serpent's wisdom has so sadly trenched upon their guileless simplicity, as at times to excite the distressing apprehension that they were no better than wolves in sheep's clothing. ( C) in a way worthy of his people. 13. That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business … Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you. (Ro 16:9, 21; Php 2:25; 4:3; Col 4:11; Phm 1, 24) Notably, … Salute Asyncritus, &c.--These have been thought to be the names of ten less notable Christians than those already named. The fuller form of `` Lucas '' is not without its interpretive difficulties us! Have been thought to be the glory through Jesus Christ '' seems the true.... What he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross salute '' Mary, who are them... Them this priority in the Lord unwary, the state of society the. The province of Asia the churches of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known for your --... Email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue through the passage. If you would like to Study the book of Romans with a group people... 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