Overall speaking prudence refers to thinking or planning or showing thought for future. To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship. administration, (5) concepts and studies of educational leadership, (6) types and Besides an educational administrator in order to prudential in nature and work must have simplicity, understanding capacity democratic spirit and effective communication ability with him as attributes. And uniformity of rules in educational administration does not provide equality which is necessary to safeguard the individuals in another point. Educational administration is a non-profit making task. As justice is one of the basic hallmarks of democratic administration, it is regarded as an essential principle of educational administrating which is democratic in form and practice. educational administration is directed towards describing, explaining, relating and predicting behaviours in social systems. This has usually been the stated objective of administrative reform. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. Flexibility is the capacity of an institution to react in variance with persons and situations affected and to warn against the dangers of uniformity. Disclaimer 9. In this context, the reasons for existence of inequalities of educational opportunities cited by the Education Commission (1964-66) can be highlighted which must be stressed in the field of educational administration. It is known to one and all that misuse of power and money leads to the loss of public in general. To organize co-curricular activities effectively for developing talents of students and work efficiency of educational teachers. Plagiarism Prevention 4. In this context, it can be visualized that educational administration should aim at developing a desire for hard work, dedication and commitment for their job among teachers. The educational administration encompasses all the levels of education in its jurisdiction. Hence, careful evaluation of the old as well as the new is an essential feature of stability. In this context it should be the task of educational administration to make special efforts for equalizing educational opportunities by reducing the above cited problems of it. The reason is that human relationship prevailed here can’t be maintained by any set of formulae. Principles of educational administration are as follows 1. Being contextual in approach it can be said that the futuristic outlook, vision and forward looking must be incorporated it the field of administration. For actualizing it he has to perform his duty as democratically as possible. In order to simplify it we can be said here that proper management of a programme needs various aspects that are regarded as the functions of administration. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Principle of scientific methods 4. In this light, it should be the function of the educational administrator to achieve it for which he may take the view of the students, consult with the staffs, specialists, expects and community members before taking any decision. Content Guidelines 2. These three characteristics are dynamic, adaptability and flexibility are especially so. 1- principle of democratic leadership. An article by Diksha Kashyap details the principles of education administration as being (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. Educational administration doesn’t refer to any single process rather different processes or aspects constitute administration. Basic principles of educational administration are. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. Educational administration is more an art than a science. This exercise of control refers to the meaning of democracy by treating each human being as, “a living, growing and potentially flowering organism.” Hence in this principle of educational administration the educational administration has to practise the principles of democracy both in structural and functional form. Thus on the whole, adaptability is the capacity of an enterprise to change, to develop and to improve. For any administration -- business, government, educational institutions -- to function properly, the principles of management which include hierarchy, control, unity of command, delegation of authority, specialization, objectives, centralization and decentralization, must be adhered to. 4. He/She evaluates their performance and progress in achieving the purposes of the programme. Principle of coordination 5. Educational Administration is regarded as the process of integrating the appropriate human and material resources that are made available and made effective for achieving the purposes of a programme of an educational institution. 8. The Master of Education in Educational Management degree program is rare. Regular supervision of teaching and guidance of teachers help to ensure quality teaching in schools. 2. For private schools and businesses, the job may be as a director of programs or head master. In order to ensure quality control in the field of education, educational administration has to make expenditure on education by accepting it as an investment on human resource. A prominent principle of public administration has been economy and efficiency—that is, the provision of public services at the minimum cost. The administration of an educational institution consists of officers like principals and vice principals. Hence like general administration in educational administration there is the necessity of the system of “check and balance” to prevent such misuse. As we know the very fact that educational administration needs integration and co-ordination of all the physical and human resources and educational elements. j. The principles are: (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility and Stability. TOS 7. It covers all forms of education such as: b. Non-formal Education and Adult Education. Copyright 10. Liberty is granted to them with not making the system of “check and balance” rigid. 2. Fully revised and thoroughly updated, this second edition of this classic book brings together many leading international authors on educational leadership, with brand new chapters from leaders in the field Ken Leithwood, Paul Begley, Allan Walker and Alma Harris. 4. Educational administration and educational management From the above definition, it is quite clear that educational administration and educational management are applied fields of study. The same situation lies in case of a democratic society like ours where people expect the school or an educational institution will do a lot for actualizing democracy as a matter of spirit, way of life and a mode of behaviour practically. This nature of the educational administrator goes against the very essence of justice as it is to be free from such bias nature of them. h. Technical and professional Education including Engineering, Medical, MBA, and Computer Education. Prohibited Content 3. Because this sort of democracy seeks to make democracy more practical rather than formal. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. Adaptability is concerned with acts of change and flexibility to a great extent to counteract with uniformity and stability is mainly the counterweight to adaptability. To train the students in developing scientific attitude and objective outlook among them towards all aspects and activities of life. educational administration, (4) concepts. Plagiarism Prevention 4. This meaning of justice is the essence of democracy. principles. One can therefore deduce that educational management refers to the application of theory and practice of management to the field of education … 3. While I create an approachable atmosphere with a low power distance, Theory X leadership philosophy centers on a traditional boss who issues orders and prods activities rather than motivating workers (Owens & Valesky, 2015). In the process of achieving its educational objectives, it has to deal differently with different human beings like teachers, parents and the public at large, who are affected in one way or other by the process or its products. Planning for academic or curricular and co-curricular activities. Every society that values social justice and anxious to improve a lot of common man and cultivate all available talents, must ensure progressive equality of educational opportunity to all sections of the population. He/She motivates them and co- ordinates the efforts of teachers as well as directs and exercises control over them. Brief outlines of the six principles of educational administration are discussed in this article. The basic principles of educational management completely impact the administration. 1. organization and. It implies “the exercise of control” in democracy. Because it is essential to give freedom to the competent and delicate persons as educational administrators who are in the interest of good administration. The term “Administration” doesn’t refer to any single process or act. in educational leadership or administration. Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration. 1 Principles of Educational Administration EME 202 University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Open and Distance Learning Course Series Development Rather it means the right type of education from the right type of teachers within reasonable cost. This property is named as stability. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education. 1. Here in this blog, let’s have a discussion on 3 basic principles of educational administration and management: 1. Hence, all these three qualities of adaptability, flexibility and stability are complementary to each other. This characteristic of an institution is called adaptability. It includes all types and strategies of management that encompasses the following: 4. They give a differential treatment to different students, staffs, officials and community members as per their need remaining within the jurisdiction of educational administration. n. Maintaining records and registers up to date. (c) Disparity between the education of boys and girls at all stages and in all sectors of education. Overall speaking this type of democracy as a principle of educational administration gives importance on practicability and relevance of day to day happenings of democracy in relation to educational perspective so far its administrative aspect is concerned. Top 6 Principles of Educational Administra­tion. 3- principle of scientific method. Image Guidelines 5. Hence the educational administrators for practicing justice as one of the principles of educational administration must be judicious while dealing with employees, students and public. Image Guidelines 5. To ensure qualitative improvement of education: Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction. b. It means the entire picture of the society has been reflected in the school. Justice. c. Preparing the time table and the time schedules for various activities. While … Educational administration is a non-profit making task. Principle of democratic leadership 2. To Ensure Professional Ethics And Professional Development Among Teachers: As teachers are the senior and mature human elements to accelerate the programme in time their role is highly felt in this regard. Theories are s ets of statements understandable to others, which make educational administration. Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. 5. An education administrator may begin her career as a teacher. For this greater emphasis should be given on equality of educational opportunity for the shake of accelerating the process for building up of on egalitarian human society in which the age old social exploitation will be reduced to minimum. TOS 7. and. He provides feedback to them and brings modification, if required in the plans and programmes of the school or college or university. The process of continuous improvement The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill. Hence the educational administrators have to reduce this tendency to minimum for making justice beneficial, healthy and impartial in nature and approach as a principle of modern educational administration. g. Coordinating by efforts of people to achieve the purpose. 6. Brief outlines of the six principles of educational administration are discussed in this article. The administrator identifies and articulates a school's mission and goals and makes them happen by implementing programs, delegating tasks and allocating resources. This will be done if educational administration accepts it as its principle in real situation. In order to better … There are countless texts on the principles of education administration and there are entire graduate programs dedicated to the subject. For effective school administration, the administrator needs to be knowledgeable in the theories, techniques and principles of school administration as a guide for action when necessary. Content Filtrations 6. (b) Poverty of a large Section of the population and relative affluence of a small minority. Those who are good sociable, democratic competent and welfare oriented educational administrators liberty is granted for them. Let us discuss these functions one by one. For this there is the necessity of different aspects of management which are accepted as the functions of administration. 3. Elementary treatment of administration and educational administration from historical perspective, Administration is one of the most of all human endeavors. d. Assigning duties and responsibilities to the staff members. The Educational Administration has the following nature: 1. For practicing justice in educational administration there is the need and essentiality of giving due reward and share to every individual to his efforts and achievements. Disclaimer 9. Seven chapters cover the following topics: (1) The system. THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION 3 with leaders who believe in McGregor’s Theory X. At all levels of the educational ecosystem, management is required; management involves the planning, organising, implementation, review, evaluation, and integration of an institution. Educational institutions operate in a dynamic environment. f. Directing and motivating the staff of the institution. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. and B.El.Ed courses, Educational Administration and Management aims at helping students understand the theories and processes of this subject, and thereby become effective leaders and managers of the educational system tomorrow. Category:Educational administration From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Educational administration is a discipline within the study of education that examines the administrative theory and practice of education in general and educational institutions and educators in particular activities. In the field of educational administration, the educational authority as the administrative authority exercises its functions in relation to the above mentioned aspects. One is in general perspective and the other is in contextual perspective. 10. Educational Administration takes place at various levels such as: Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level. of education, (2) the legal basis for education, (3) the use of theory and research in. This becomes possible through adequate utilization of both human and material resources with the purpose of bringing qualitative improvement of the programme. 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